|dc.description.abstract||·Physical and psychological factors of obese patients were analyzed and compared
between two groups seeking weight loss treatment at Beaumont Hospital. One group
was enrolled in a weight management program and one group was undergoing bariatric
surgery. The weight control program treatment included traditional weight loss methods
including dietary, nutritional, exercise, and behavior modification. Bariatric surgery
includes a variety of procedures that essentially reduce the size of the stomach, limiting
the amount of food to intake. Treatment included support by medical, surgical,
behavioral, nutritional, and exercise experts before, during, and after surgery.
Demographic, psychological, psychosocial, and medical factors of patients from each
group were evaluated using medical record charts, and compared using statistical
analyses. Researchers determined variances in demographic, clinical, and psychological
factors between groups, as well as relationships between certain factors in the study.
Bariatric surgery patients were found to have overall higher average BMis, lower
average education level, a higher percentage of unemployment, more confidence and
motivation for success, higher depression, and a greater number of patients who have
used drugs to lose weight. Results also showed a significant relationship between BMI
and stress; BMI and depression; and between body image, depression, and well-being.
The findings in this study are important implications for future research, as well
as for treatment plans for obese patients. By determining relationships between these
factors, medical professionals may be able to better understand medical issues of these
patients, and will be able to develop more individualized and successful treatment plans
for each patient.||en_US