Psychosocial and Clinical Factors Associated With Treatment Options for Obesity: Bariatric Surgery versus Weight Control Program
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·Physical and psychological factors of obese patients were analyzed and compared between two groups seeking weight loss treatment at Beaumont Hospital. One group was enrolled in a weight management program and one group was undergoing bariatric surgery. The weight control program treatment included traditional weight loss methods including dietary, nutritional, exercise, and behavior modification. Bariatric surgery includes a variety of procedures that essentially reduce the size of the stomach, limiting the amount of food to intake. Treatment included support by medical, surgical, behavioral, nutritional, and exercise experts before, during, and after surgery. Demographic, psychological, psychosocial, and medical factors of patients from each group were evaluated using medical record charts, and compared using statistical analyses. Researchers determined variances in demographic, clinical, and psychological factors between groups, as well as relationships between certain factors in the study. Bariatric surgery patients were found to have overall higher average BMis, lower average education level, a higher percentage of unemployment, more confidence and motivation for success, higher depression, and a greater number of patients who have used drugs to lose weight. Results also showed a significant relationship between BMI and stress; BMI and depression; and between body image, depression, and well-being. The findings in this study are important implications for future research, as well as for treatment plans for obese patients. By determining relationships between these factors, medical professionals may be able to better understand medical issues of these patients, and will be able to develop more individualized and successful treatment plans for each patient.