Overcoming a Collegiate Tennis Team's Resistance to Goal Setting
Brown, Andrew B.
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The purpose of this review of the goal setting literature and proposed study was to gain a better understanding of how to set goals effectively with NCAA division III men's tennis players. In particular, three obstacles to the goal setting process were identified: the lack of a common understanding between the players and the coach regarding the players' biggest weaknesses, the players' unwillingness to share information about their weaknesses with teammates, and the limited amount of time the coach has available to meet with the players to discuss their progress. In the proposed field study, two hypotheses regarding solutions to these obstacles were proposed. The first hypothesis stated that the demonstration of the effects of goal setting and public posting using physical fitness goals first would be more beneficial in fostering team commitment to the goal setting process than tennis performance goals, and the second hypothesis stated that taking the goal orientation of the team members into consideration would result in greater performance increases than setting goals of the same difficulty level for all players.