A Comparative Analysis of Traditional Psychoanalysis and Feminist Psychoanalysis through the Role of the Father in Women's Sexuality
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Feminist psychoanalysis grew out of this opposition to Freud's theory. Its origins began with Karen Horney, a psychologist who challenged Freud with her essays on femininity and female sexuality. She created a model of a primarily "feminine" woman with positive self-judgment, disputing Freud's model of a forever defective woman with an inferior status. Although Horney's theories did not make an impact at the time, the current revival of interest of the psychology of women due to the feminist movement made her theories "the basis for most of the recent revisions of psychoanalytic understandings of gender" (Chodorow, 1989, p.3). Contemporary feminist psychologists such as Therese Benedek, Nancy Chodorow, Susan Contratto and Janine ChassuguetSmirgel, have followed Horney in her fight against traditional psychoanalysis.