Implicit Power Motive Predicts Attention Orienting to Facial Expressions of Emotion
Horn, Theresa V.
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Motivations can be categorized into explicit and implicit motives. Explicit motives can predict immediate behavior and are typically aroused by external rewards. Implicit motives can predict long-term behavioral patterns and are aroused by rewarding emotional incentives. One method of assessing an incentive's strength is by measuring the amount of attention directed toward the incentive. Prior research has not examined the effects of the implicit power motive (n Power) on the punishing or rewarding incentives of happy, angry, and neutral facial expressions. To test this relationship, students completed a Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) to measure the presence of implicit motives, and then engaged in two attention orienting tasks. Participants completed a dot stimulus attention task and a Stroop task while being exposed to different facial ' expressions of emotion (FEEs) either at a conscious or unconscious level. Next, participants' presence of the explicit power motive was measured using the Personality Research Form (PRF). It was predicted that individuals high inn Power directed less attention toward punishing stimuli (happy and angry FEEs), and more attention toward rewarding stimuli (neutral FEEs). Furthermore, it was hypothesized that an individual's explicit and implicit motives would not significantly correlate.