Ambivalence and Passing on Advice from Older Parents to Adult Children
Murphy, Sarah E.
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Ambivalence theory reveals the dynamic complexity in intergenerational relationships, where passing on advice is one aspect of relationships. Elderly participants (in their 70s or 80s) in the IHD study were asked if they want to pass on advice to their adult children. Responses were categorized into five vignettes (no advice, some advice, some advice and positive response, gives advice, and gives advice and positive response). Two groups characterized by two vignettes (no advice and some advice) were differentially associated with California Q-set (CAQ) prototypes of identity achievement, openess to experience, agreeableness, generativity, wisdom, optimal adjustment, and narcissism. Bivalence was found to be a more accurate description of the some advice category than ambivalence. The Gradual Threshold Model of ambivalence may illuminate the difference between bivalence and ambivalence.