Job Control in Reducing Stress for Individuals with Type A Behavior Pattern
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Individuals who demonstrate characteristics such as extreme levels of mental and physical alertness, necessity to compete, aggressiveness, and time urgency are thought to be Type A personalities. The effects of job control in relation to occupational stress are investigated to find ways in reducing such stress, especially facing the link between Type A and coronary heart disease. The interaction between task demands over time, environmental conditions, and the person, define occupational stress (Wesnes & Warburton, 1983). The participants consisted of 45 Type A office employees from the Radisson Hotel at Kalamazoo Center. All participants volunteered, but were tested for Type A by questionnaire and further assessed by structured interviews. The participants were randomly assigned to three groups, the low control group, who received low levels of job control, the medium control group who received an intermediate level of job control, and a high control group that received the greatest amount of job control. Heart rate and follow up questionnaires were used to examine stress levels.