The Effects of Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Reducing the Relapse of Adolescent Depression
Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to treat adolescent depression, it is still very common for symptoms to reoccur after the completion of therapy. In the proposed study, adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD), would be treated with a 3-week phase of group CBT. This would then be followed by a 6-month phase of booster sessions to examine the effects of such treatment on the recurrence of depressive symptoms. After having recovered from MDD during the initial3-week phase of group CBT, participants would be assigned to 1 of 2 booster conditions. One condition would consist of individual booster sessions every 3 weeks, and the other condition would consist of reunion group booster sessions every 3 weeks that would be comprised of the original CBT treatment group. The participants would be assessed at 3 and 6 months into the booster session phase using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia in School-Age Children (K-SADS), DSM-III-R criteria, and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (liP). It is predicted that the reunion group would experience the least recurrence of depressive symptoms. The results of this study would be useful in determining the most effective treatments and preventative strategies for adolescent depression.