Hofmannstahl's View of the Role of the Individual in Society and a Look at Das Salzburger Große Welttheater
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The paper is divided into two major parts. The first section focuses on the development of Hofmannsthal's concept of a "new reality" which will serve as a model for a future European society, and the meaning of this society for the individual in terms of personal freedom and development. The second part of the paper concentrates on the play itself. The importance of Calderon's theater and Baroque theather in general is discussed in order to illustrate the manner in which the Baroque world view served as a model for the societal ideal expressed in Das Salzburger GroBe Welttheater. This discussion leads to the treatment of a major aspect of Hofmannsthal's concept of a new social order-the importance of the individual's understanding of his role i n society. It is t his very aspect, t hat of t he individual 's av1areness of the meaning of his r ole or place in society, that is the key to Hofmannsthal's blueprint for a new society . Without the inner change in attitude toward the world and t he other individuals in society, as is represented by the transformation of the Beggar in Welttheater, Hofmannsthal's pl an for a new European reality is meaningless. For his new society has based on the belief in the power individual to perceive the order in his world and his own place in it, and to create an ordered and yet human society by integrating himself with other individuals.