Procedures and Purposes of Testing in Classes of English as a Second Language for Adults
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This work is designed to serve as a testing guide for teachers in programs of English as a Second Language for adult learners. Preparation of the main body or this text primarily involved compilation and editing of works written by experts in the testing field. These expert opinions and findings have been tempered by my personal classroom observations and by an awareness of the practical realities present in adult ESL programs. Tests are vital to the classroom educational proeessa They tell teachers and students how well they have taught and learned; they point out "weak spots" or faulty learnings that must be reviewed, and they serve to reinforce the subject matter being taught. This last testing purpose, "reinforcement," is of special interest to teachers of English as a second language for adults. The unique teaching and learning situation in adult ESL classes makes immediate reinforcement essential to daily student learning. Since most adults are preoccupied with the concerns of jobs and homes; ESL teachers can't expect their students to complete detailed homework assignments: they can't rely on out of class assignments that, in other teaching situations, help to review and reinforce material covered in class. Class time must be reserved for the purposes or practice, review, and reinforcement.