Housing the Ancient Gabines: Identification of a Mid-Republican Atrium House
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Gabii was a town which grew in a contemporaneous era to that of Rome. This ancient city had centuries of history before the structure that has been examined in this paper was built. Even built at such a late period in Gabii's time line, only two centuries before the collapse and cultural death of the city, this structure is still one of the earliest excavated atrium houses. It would serve as a valuable missing link between the houses of Ancient Rome and the Vitruvian period of architecture. However, the identification of a structure like the Gabii building is problematic. While it contains a significant amount of archaeological evidence, only a small portion of that is undisturbed. Walls have been robbed. Disfiguring features from later generations, such as the eighteenth-century drainage trench, distort the image of the layout. Finally, only a small amount of chronologically relevant comparanda exists and has been excavated in order to analyze it.