Tourism in Australia and its Effects on the Economy
The purpose of this paper was to further explore the tourist industry in Australia with a particular emphasis on the effects the industry has on the Australian economy. The paper contains a brief description of the Australian economy, a definition of the terms involved in the tourist industry, a description of the agencies that are responsible for tourism in Australia, a general description of the Australian tourism industry, an analysis of the effects of the tourism on the economy, and a section about mega-events in Australia. The paper also contains more specific information about the tourism industry and its economic effects in each of the states and speculation about the future of the Australian tourism industry. Australia's tourism industry has been growing rapidly for a number of years. This is due to many factors. A stable government and strong economy give Australia good potential for attracting tourism. Australia provides tourists with a wide variety of opportunities including sightseeing in the outback, swimming and surfing at the beaches, exploring rainforests, snorkeling or scuba diving at the Great Barrier Reef and shopping and dining in the cities. There are several government agencies that work to promote and encourage tourism in Australia. The individual states focus on encouraging tourists to come to their state once the people are in the country. There is fierce competition amongst the states especially for the right to host special events. Tourism has improved the Australian economy by contributing to GDP, reducing foreign debt, and increasing employment opportunities. International tourism is generally more important to the economy because it represents additional income in the country instead of a shifting from one state or sector to another. However, domestic tourism is important for keeping tourist businesses running during seasons when international tourism declines.