Towards Preserving a Mature Ecosystem
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Throughout my research I have uncovered three sources which have been mentioned time and time again and have contributed greatly to the decrease in biological diversity. First, will discuss the problem of pollution, mainly through acid rain. Acid rain damages hundreds of thousands of hectares of tropical forest each year. Secondly, the lands of the tropical rain forest have been used very unwisely due in part to the myopic nature of the corresponding governments and their populous. Large timber companies and cattle ranching operations have taken advantage of tax incentives which inevitably has lead to further destruction of the land. Also, governments, such as the Brazilian government, have allowed their populous to use the land for unwise land grazing practices. Finally, there has been a lack of incentive to preserve biological diversity and genetic resources. Only those genetic resources that have a present day market value are being preserved. As I attempt to arrive at conclusions or models that strive to help, I will ·concern myself with those models which will work in reality, not those that only sound good in theory. For example, Keneth Boulding has proposed a solution to the current problem of exponential population growth. He has given us a theoretical solution to the problem. That is, every couple should be limited to 2.1 offspring( permits would be issued in tenths of a child which could be bought and sold at will). In theory this would curb the birth rate and therefore the population growth rate. However, a complete reversal of the moral and ethical fabric of society would have to occur in order for this model to work. I would rather discuss models which would be feasible given the makeup of governments and society.