Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Countries
Andersen, David J.
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The author interned with Tillers International's at their farm on the outskirts of Kalamazoo, Michigan. Tiller's is a non profit organization dedicated to preserving American rural heritage and using that heritage as a tool for other farmers around the world. This on site experience backed up by journal research comparing the advantages of low input/low capital techniques over high input/high capital techniques in developing countries proves that technology no longer appropriate for American farmers may have considerable benefits for farmers in less developed nations of the world In order to determine if the use of appropriate means and technologies in coordination with small resource poor farmers of developing nations is the best approach to effective sustainable agriculture, it is necessary to analyze several approaches to attaining good sustainability. First, in section two of the paper, a brief explanation of sustainable agriculture is important to allow for a better understanding of the goals of this paper. After which, in section three, the roles of state governments, private organizations, and small farmers in the process of obtaining proper technologies and methods will be examined. Following that, in section four, the comparison of small versus large farming is important in order to determine what technologies need to be developed for what economy. Also, in section five, it is necessary to explore low input, low capital techniques versus high input, high capital techniques of agriculture in order to determine which approach is most beneficial to agricultural development in the developing world. Finally, in section six, farming techniques and appropriate technologies and whether sustainability can be best obtained by advancing slowly into new technologies will be explored. The objective will be to show that use of appropriate technologies in underdeveloped countries is essential to agricultural development and sustainability.