An Investigative Look: High Rates of ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete
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Each year over 95,000 individuals fall to an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. More specifically, more than 2,200 ACL injuries are expected to occur in female collegiate athletes each year. Female athletes incur ACL injuries at a 4-to 6-fold greater incidence compared to male athletes playing the same sports. Throughout this paper I will investigate the reasoning behind the statistical differences between male and female athletes and ACL tears. Female athletes are more apt to incur an ACL injury due to differences in: anatomy; hormones; and extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Common mechanisms of this type of injury include: increased muscle flexibility, tibial and femoral rotation, shoe-surface interaction, prior injury, and body mass index combined .with age. There are numerous ways to prevent ACL tears including, jump training programs, awareness, knee control, and proprioceptive training.