Pronation and Supination: Their Relationship to Running
Morris, Elizabeth D.
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One thing that I will never forget hearing as I was growing up is "Man was not meant to run." I am not quite sure if I understood exactly why back then, but now things are much clearer to me. Running creates an immense amount of stress on the joints, particularly the knee joint. In addition to knee injuries, running is often associated with shin splints and various sprains. While improper training .and/or over-training are some common factors resulting in running injuries. several structural factors can also account for running injuries. Pronation and supination are two primary, structural movements that occur at the ankle joint during running. While these are normal movements that occur in all runners. some people tend to hyperpronate or hypersupinate. both of which can lead to serious injuries. In this paper. I will provide an overview of these movements as they relate to normal running patterns. structural abnormalities. running injuries. shoe design. shoe wear patterns. and gender differences. To complete the paper I collected information from various sources including books.dissertations, pamphlets from doctors. talking with shoe salespeople, and I have also included some information based on my own knowledge.