Associations of Periodontal Disease and Edentulism with Glycemic Control status in US Adults with Diabetes
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Objective: To investigate the effects of periodontal disease and edentulism on glycemic control in people with diabetes. Methods: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III was analyzed using bivariate and logistic regression analysis with the SUDAAN 8.01 statistical analysis program. Variables involved included diabetes status, oral health status, glycemic control, age, income, education, smoking status, tobacco usage, alcohol, heavy alcohol use, exercise, osteoporosis, diabetic therapies, and race/ethnicity. Results: Analysis showed no significant differences in the associations of edentulism and periodontal disease on glycemic control. Conclusion: The data showed a similar relationship between edentulism and diabetes, and between periodontal disease and diabetes. The results indicated that those with periodontal disease and those with edentulism both showed higher prevalences of poor glycemic control when compared to those with no periodontal disease.