Medication Safety: Clinical Effects of Medication Errors and Steps Taken to Prevent Them
Kaselitz, Timothy B.
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Medication errors are damaging from a human, societal, and economic standpoint. About one third to one half of all adverse drug events (ADEs) are caused by medication errors (Bates et al., 1995; Kelly, 2001 ). Thus, these mistakes have rightfully received a lot of attention in both the clinical and research settings. Medication errors should be recognized as latent failures in the systems and processes that are designed to prevent them rather than a result of human fallibility (Guchelaar et al., 2005). These systems need to be continually evaluated for flaws if medication errors are going to be successfully prevented. After the flaws have been identified, it is necessary to employ interventions supported by empirical data to alleviate the failures. The ultimate goal of these interventions is to install a series of medication administration processes that accurately and effectively prevent medication errors.
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