Sternal Fracturing: A Comparison of Fracture Patterns Caused by Sternal Compression and Blunt Force Trauma
Pavlik, Miah A.
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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) can cause fracturing of the sternal bone. This· is not generally considered dangerous, as most sternal fractures are benign. The compression trauma caused to the sternal bone, however, can be compared to blunt force trauma of the sternum. This research utilized twenty-four female sterna that had undergone CPR. Nine of the sterna sustained fractures due to CPR. It was determined that age is the only factor that can be used to predict the likelihood of a sternum to fracture. The nine fractured sterna were then compared visually to a sternum that had undergone blunt force trauma. The sterna with compression trauma fracturing proved to sustain even fractures, the depth of the fracture and the amount of beveling were the same across the fracture. This was in sharp contrast to the sternum that sustained blunt force trauma, which caused uneven beveling and fracture depth across a single fracture. Future research will be able to compare compression fractures with more common types of blunt force trauma, such as seat belt injuries to further this study.
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Sternal Fracturing: A Comparison of Fracture Patterns Caused by Sternal Compression and Blunt Force Trauma Pavlik, Miah (Kalamazoo, Mich. : Kalamazoo College, 2012)The sternum primarily fractures transversely across the bone. The present study utilized 24 sterna, 9 of which were fractured, in order to determine the fracture pattern caused by CPR and to determine the characteristics ...
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