Osteopathic Medicine: A Comprehensive Analysis Of Its Efficacy and Success
MetadataShow full item record
Osteopathic medicine is a professionalized system of medical care whose practitioners enjoy the same credibility in medical procedures, prescriptions, and patient care as the more predominant physicians of allopathic medicine. It is, therefore, surprising to discover a notable deficiency in manipulative therapy research that verifies its effectiveness. How could a professionalized medical entity lack scientific evidence for one of its founding components? This question led me to analyze how osteopathy earned its contemporary position in medical society even with this glaring deficiency. Osteopathy took advantage of larger societal forces and the concurrent development of allopathic medicine by capitalizing on public dissatisfaction with orthodox practitioners, lobbying, changing its educational practices, and profiting on a growing need for primary care physicians. More importantly, modem osteopathic medicine evolved from medicine that focused on musculoskeletal manipulative therapies into its current form as a system that offers all of the same services as allopathic medicine. Social influences played a large role in giving osteopathic medicine a chance to survive amidst the domineering efforts of allopathic medicine to abolish alternative medical theories. Growing scientific research on osteopathic manipulative therapy within the past decade has added another layer to how osteopathy achieved its current position as a medical profession. Studies evidencing pain management and nausea reduction through osteopathic manipulation suggest that osteopathy may have evolved into its current professional status because it actually works. Perhaps future research inspired by the growing public demand for alternative medicine will lead to a renewed enthusiasm for manipulative treatment.