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dc.contributor.advisorPeters, James P.
dc.contributor.authorKroger, Alice M.
dc.descriptionvi, 19 p.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe high concentrate diet commonly fed to cattle intended for beef production can induce increased production of lactic acid during carbohydrate breakdown in the rumen. The resulting drop in the pH of the rumen can cause acidosis and decreased feed efficiency. The saliva of the ruminant contains buffers which prevent decreased ruminal pH. The net flow of saliva is reduced by high concentrate diets resulting in decreased buffering in the rumen and slower rumen turnover rates. Pilocarpine is a muscarinic agent that increases salivary flow. Therefore, it was hypothesized that pilocarpine would counteract the decreased feed efficiency arising from reduced salivary flow and increased acid production occurring with the high concentrate diet. Pilocarpine was fed in 0 mg/kg, 2 mg/kg and 4 mg/kg body weight doses. A treatment effect was not observed in the digestibilities of dry matter, organic matter or nitrogen, feed efficiency, fractional liquid dilution rate or liquid rumen volume. Nitrogen retention, an indicator of tissue growth, was slightly depressed by pilocarpine. Pilocarpine does not increase the digestive efficiency of immature beef cattle on a high concentrate diet.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUpjohn Company. Kalamazoo, Michigan.
dc.publisherKalamazoo Collegeen_US
dc.relation.ispartofKalamazoo College Biology Senior Individualized Projects Collection
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSenior Individualized Projects. Biology;
dc.rightsU.S. copyright laws protect this material. Commercial use or distribution of this material is not permitted without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
dc.titleThe Effect of Pilocarpine on Digestive Efficiency in Beef Cattle Fed a High Concentrate Dieten_US
KCollege.Access.ContactIf you are not a current Kalamazoo College student, faculty, or staff member, email to request access to this thesis.

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  • Biology Senior Individualized Projects [1549]
    This collection includes Senior Individualized Projects (SIP's) completed in the Biology Department. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff.

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