Toward a Concept of "The Teacher"
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My interest in the context of this paper is in that aspect of educational theory which I referred to as educational philosophy. I find it to my advantage to introduce a distinction between two types of educational philosophy, a distinction made by William Brankena. He suggests that the philosopher of education might do either the normative or the analytic philosophy of education. The normative philosophy of education is the central concern of educational philosophy. It specifies the aims of education. It provides the direction for our educational activities. It is, essentially, the outlining of the goals of education. It does, of course, also imply a justification of the aims which it specifies. In short, the task of the normative philosophy of education is precisely what I previously said the task of educational philosophy is. It must answer the what question. It must be the society's expression of what they wish their professional educators to accomplish.