Existential Analysis -- An Ontological Science
Pomeroy, Marcus C.
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The topic of this paper is of such a nature that in order to be understood in the proper context distinct limits must be set. For this reason, let us briefly outline the aim of the paper so that the reader may be better able to understand What the author intends to discuss and what he intends to exclude from the discussion. The first thing that must be said is that this paper is not intended to be a presentation of a scientific nature, in the traditional use of the term scientific. No attempt has been made to validate the view of man that is discussed by use of scientifically controlled experiments. On the contrary the paper is devoted to the presentation of a theory of man, or more precisely a view of man, which has been taken from the way in which man presents himself. This is not to say that many of the ideas presented in this discussion can not be experimentally validated, but it is in way of saying that the nature of the paper is to present a view of man which may prove to be a more fruitful direction for research than some of the alternative views which now are popular in psychology. A second thing that must be said is that the paper is not meant to discredit or make light of the work being done in other areas of psychological inquiry. As was said above, this discussion is concerned with man-as-such, and the way in which the subject is approached is unimportant so long as the existing person is not destroyed in the process. This means that the final question must always be, is the idea of man that is being used to understand human behavior consistent with the way in which the existing, emerging, self-actualizing person is relating to the world around him? Finally, the nature of the paper is psychological rather than philosophical or theological. The author has refrained, when possible, from discussing the implications of some of the ideas in other areas and limited himself to the area of psychological concerns. Some people will argue that much which is contained in this paper cannot rightly be placed within the area of psychology, but this view represents a narrow approach to the study of human behavior, and a limitation on the field of psychological investigation which the author is unwilling to accept.