A Description and Comparison of Several Selected Aspects of Childhood Schizophrenia and Infantile Autism
In this paper I will briefly trace the development of child psychiatry and the early investigations of adult schizophrenia in order to show how they influenced the development of the concept of childhood schizophrenia. In the next section I will describe the syndrome and discuss the increased information which recent studies have provided and several questions which are still unresolved. I will then go on to describe the specific disorder which Kanner identified and called "early infantile autism." In the early studies this particular disorder was not distinguished from childhood schizophrenia, but now it has come to be considered a unique syndrome. I will discuss it in detail, and suggest several possible etiological considerations. I will endeavor to make clear the specific differences between childhood schizophrenia and autism. In conclusion I will discuss two possible explanations for the causation of the syndromes.