The Theology of Paul Tillich in Relation to Contemporary Church Architecture
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To show how the theology of Paul Tillich relates to modern church architecture, this paper will be divided into four main sections. In the first, theology and culture will be discussed. Religion, as Tillich refers to is, is existential which will be defined within the body of this paper. This is important for one to keep in mind when talking about church architecture because, among other things, it means that each church will be different just as each man's concept of the ultimate will differ from that of others. Secondly, the symbol is one of the basic concepts in Tillich's system. For this reason, I felt that it was necessary for one to understand his general view in order to understand the later points in the paper. He also speaks of symbols specifically in reference to their role in church architecture. Since his feelings are so particular in reference to the symbol, misunderstandings may easily arise. Third, linking his view on symbols in general with the church is the central Christian symbol--Jesus, the Christ--since this is the basis for the founding of the church. One must understand what this central symbol is and how it affects man in his present dilemma. Leading from the central symbol is the church and its role in the world, and what its purpose is. Fifth is a discussion of art. This will be discussed in more detail in another section in direct relation to religion. Here I am trying only to explain where art fits into the general scheme.