Émile Zola : An Influence on John Steinbeck?
Loebe, Nancy Ruth
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The possibility of a connection between French author Emile Zola, born in 1840 in Paris, and the American novelist John Steinbeck, born in California in 1902, may seem remote. Yet, if one examines closely criticism dealing with these two authors, then compares two of their novels, Germinal and The Grapes of Wrath, the suggestion that Steinbeck may have been influenced directly or indirectly by Zola' s work when he wrote The Grapes of Wrath is not unreasonable.