Information Theory and the Genetic Code
Garland, Harry Thomas
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Every organism is built from a complex set of instructions coded as a sequence of the four different nuoleotides of the DNA molecule. These genetic instructions have evolved for a period of three billion years until today over ten million times more genetic information is required to biosynthesize a human than was required for our first living ancestor. This information is coded in a microscopic skein of DNA five billion nucleotides in length. We will introduce a few highlights of information theory, and indicate how they are applicable to the processing of this genetic information.