The Effects of Myopia on Personality and Behavior as Measured by the MMPI
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62 Kalamazoo College students served as SS in this experiment. The purpose of the study was to examine personality characteristics of myopic individuals on the basis of a full personality questionnaire. Ss were divided into two groups, myopics (M) and normals .((N). Both groups were administered the MMPI twice under different conditions. The experimental variable was whether an not the myopics were to react to the test items as if they were wearing glasses or as if they were not wearing glasses. Data was subjected to analysis of variance tests. Results indicated that myopic individuals, imagining seeing the world without glasses, were significantly different from myopics with glasses and from normally sighted individuals in the areas of hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, psychasthenia, and social introversion.