The 1964 Panamanian Crisis and the Response of the United States
Emmert, Fredric Alan
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The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate the treaties in light of the 1964 riots. The thesis will attempt to show that the new accords are the best hope for eliminating further outbreaks on the Istmus and for solving the problems facing United States-Panamanian relations. In order to draw this conclusion, the paper begins by studying the event preceding the tragic riots. Their causes are grounded in history. Therefore, the first section is devoted to an historical, background sketch. The second section contains a detailed description of the events of January 9 through 12, 1964, themselves. During this period Panama did not use her National Guard to quell the violence, the Panamanian news media reported the disturbances in an inflammatory manner, and Communists played a major role. If these three circumstances had not existed, the rioting probably would have been minor. The third section examines these circumstances, which throw much light on the fundamental reasons for the eruption. Section four presents a study of these reasons. this writer has classified them under two broad categories: Panamanian nationalism and unsatisfied Panamanian demands. Section five evaluates the new treaties. The accords can not be judged only by how effective they are in removing the causes of Panamanian discontent. One must also consider how well they reconcile U.S. and Panamanian interests. Thus, section five opens by enumerating these stakes. The section then studies the treaties and the criticism surrounding them. Finally, it concludes with a rebuttal of the criticism. The rebuttal shows how the treaties secure American interests while allowing Panama to realize her national aspirations. Ratification of the treaties, this writer feels, is the best hope for preventing a recurrence of 1964.If you are not a current K College student, faculty, or staff member, email firstname.lastname@example.org to request access to this SIP.