Hatha Yoga, Meditation, and Focus Groups Decrease Body Shame, Surveillance, and Increase Body and Self- Esteem in College Women
In this proposed 6-month study participants were randomly separated into 5 equal sized groups, a combination (Hatha yoga, meditation, and a focus group), a Hatha yoga, a meditation, a focus, and a control group. The combination group was predicted to produce a more significant increase in body and self-esteem and decrease in self-surveillance and body shame than the Hatha yoga, the meditation, the focus, or the control group. Projected results indicated the positive effects of yoga such as mood elevation, stress reduction, improved body and self-esteem and decreased levels of stress in individuals who practiced mindfulness meditation. Projected results also affirmed that participants in the combination group experienced a significantly larger increase in body and self-esteem and decrease in surveillance and body shame than any other group. These findings suggest the efficacy of combining these three activities as a method for decreasing body shame and surveillance and increasing body and self-esteem.