A Weberian Analysis of the Iranian Revolution
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First, this paper will contain a somewhat brief, but complete analysis of Weber's three pronged understanding of the bases of authority. Authority is recognized on charismatic, traditional or legal-rational grounds. Authority is cyclical in nature and therefore, recognition of authority by the society at large, changes as the society does. It is this structure that I want to apply to the Iranian situation. Second, my paper will analyze the influence of Islam upon this structure. That is, given this basic structural understanding of the Iranian situation, what effect does Islam have upon this structure? It is my position that Islamic culture has a different understanding of terms very basic to Weber's concept of authority. Since history for the Muslim has a different meaning than to a Christian, some alterations to Weber's structure must be made. Similarly, the Muslims view of the state must also be reconciled. This sharpening of Weber continues when Shi'a Islam is introduced. The charismatic element in Shi'a Islam is distinctive. Therefore, Weber's three bases of authority must all undergo some redefinitions. with this new structure we can attempt to analyze Iran specifically. The final part of my SIP will be an explanation of the Iranian revolution. It is my intention to show how events seemingly incongruent with Weber's understanding, can occur in Iran. I will also offer some opinions about Iran's future. Iran offers us an excellent opportunity to work Weberian theory through. Only after we modify this theory can we make sense of a very confusing situation.If you are not a current K College student, faculty, or staff member, email firstname.lastname@example.org to request access to this SIP.