The Institute of the Southern Plains: A Case Study in American Indian Education
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The Institute of the Southern Plains is a Federally funded school for Cheyenne Indian children. It is located about two miles west of the small town of Hammon, Oklahoma, in Custer County. Native Americans account for about 40% of the population of the surrounding area. The major tribes represented 1n the area are the Southern Cheyenne and the Arapaho. Most of the Indians living in the area are extremely poor. Most are unskilled laborers, or receive public assistance. The unemployment rate for Indian men is over 50%. The Indian population is plagued with problems of alcoholism and drug abuse. Health is also a major problem, life expectancy for local Indians has been estimated at only 35 years. One source of the Indians' poverty is undoubtedly their low level of education. Most of the area Indians never completed high school; officials at the Institute claim that during the 1960's the school dropout rate was close to 90%. As there is no reservation for Indians in this part of the state, the Indian population lives among a more affluent and often hostile white community. Tensions between the white community and the Indians have existed since the late Nineteenth Century.If you are not a current K College student, faculty, or staff member, email email@example.com to request access to this SIP.Two pages numbered "26."