The Emergence, Development, and Theoretical Basis of Black Feminism
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It has been during the past six years that black women have begun to develop a political theory to articulate their demands, based on their own experiences and answering to their own needs. A theory perhaps divergent from former feminist theory in its emphasis on ensuring choices and not avenging past (or current) transgressions, based on respect for humanity in general and heterogeneous community co-operation in particular. What I propose to do is to study the emergence and development of this theory, from the mid-nineteen sixties to the current date, dividing it into three main stages: 1) its incipient phase, when black and white women became involved in the Civil Rights Movement in the late nineteen fifties and through the nineteen sixties: they struggled on behalf of the black race and became aware of their relation to the national and international historico/politico system; 2) the adolescent phase, during which black feminists, in response to the Women's Liberation Movement formed their own movement, culminating in the National Black Feminist Organization in 1973; 3) finally, the current phase which involves the struggle of black women over the past decade towards redefining themselves, according to themselves, in a still discriminatory, white racist male-dominated society.