The Global News Debate: A Perspective on Its Purpose, Progress, and Prospects
Wisner, Joan Kristine
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Politicization of the "news" issue, and more specifically, the global news flow, has thus occurred in UNESCO within the past decade with advocates of such a new order demanding redress to the imbalances and inequalities of the existing international news media. In Chapter II, I attempt to show briefly how Third world demands evolved in the aftermath of decolonization to include the global news flow issue. And, I give an historical overview. of negotiations within UNESCO and how I believe they should be regarded in the broader context of the North- South Dialogue. Chapter III further probes what I consider to be the fundamental clash of principles in the debate, i.e. "free flow" versus "free and balanced flow" of news. In doing so, I have summarized the diverging perceptions of the role of the press of the two sides, namely the western concept of the press versus the developmental concept of the press. This discussion I believe is necessary if reconciliation is to be achieved of the two positions. In Chapter IV, I present an analysis of the global news debate and the difficulties which I perceive in negotiations between unequal partners. I explain why I believe it to be in the west's interest to negotiate on this issue and make the argument that the global news debate represents an opportunity for the West to respond creatively, and cognizant of new realities in the international system. Therefore, I stress the importance of global communications in a world which,is increasingly becoming interdependent. Emphasis here is on the role of UNESCO and the importance of such intergovernmental organizations in providing a forum in which international problems are set forth and discussion of differences, if not resolution, is possible. Lastly, in Chapter V, I prescribe policies from the point of view of both sides which might aid in its resolution.