Quebec: Educational Development, 1800-1875
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The people of Quebec elected a new Prime Minister and filled the seats of the National Assembly (i.e. Legislature of the province of Quebec) in the election of November, 1976. Rene Levesque became Prime Minister and his Parti Quebecois gained control of the Assembly. The Parti Quebecois victory questioned the unity of the Confederation of Canada because included in the election platform was the promise to bring a referendum of an independent Quebec before the people by 1979. Thus, this victory added further tension to the continuum of French Canadian versus English-Canadian. Why had the incumbent government been defeated by a faction who aroused great concern for Quebec and Canada? From where did this concern stem and how was it perpetuated to the present day stance? These were the pertinent questions to be answered in order to understand the rapid changes taking place in Quebec. Believing education was the means to answering the pertinent questions, my effort was directed to extract the function of education in molding early Quebecois society and thus relating it to today's conflicts. Obtaining a first-hand look at the situation provided an important insight, that is to say, my absorption into Quebecois society could have only been accomplished by living there. For this reason, my three months in Quebec City strengthened this insight and gave further definition because Quebec City is the political capital of the province. It is the center for these changes taking place and what I believe to be the most reflective of Quebecois society.