A Study on the Impact of Party Identification, Secondary Group Memberships, and Increased Issue Awareness on Voting Behavior
Carl, Bradley A.
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The hypothesis on which the study is based is: Secondary groups, in many case, will encourage two phenomena in the electorate; 1.) they will tend to reinforce psychological and acknowledged political attachments which, generally, will be manifested in identification with a political party, and 2.) heightened issue awareness will also tend to reinforce political attachments, social position, and will, again, be manifested in identification with a political party. The paper's organizational format is comprised of three sections. The first section will summarize two studies pertaining to the general affect of secondary group memberships on voting behavior. The second section will analyze a specific secondary membership, the labor union, in order to provide a closer scrutiny of the impact that a group has on its members. The final section will attempt to show a correlation between the movement of a significant number of identifiable secondary group members into a community and the community's subsequent change in voting behavior.