Laparoscopic Gastropexy as a Preventative Measure for Gastric Dilation Volvulus in Canines
O'Brien, Erin K.
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Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) is a fatal condition in canines especially those that are large or giant breeds. GDV results from the stomach distending and twisting on itself which when left untreated causes shock and ultimately death. The only method of prevention for GDV is a gastropexy, a surgical procedure that sutures the stomach to the abdominal wall to prevent volvulus or twisting. This paper specifically looks at the use of laparascopy in canine gastropexy surgery. Laparascopy is a standard in human medicine, however is not as commonly used in veterinary medicine. While laparoscopic-assisted gastropexy (LAG) techniques are being used in select veterinary clinics today, total laparoscopic gastropexy (TLG) techniques are just starting to be researched. LAG and TLG techniques are compared with each other and with traditional open surgery. The benefits that minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques provide should be considered when thinking about gastropexy as a preventative measure for GDV.