Using the "G" Word: Employing the Genocide Convention in the Case of Sudan
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This monograph is divided into three chapters, which can be viewed as past, present and future approaches to the crime of genocide, though there is certainly overlap between chapters. Chapter One begins with a section that explains the history of the word genocide and the United Nations Genocide Convention, and the importance of their development in addressing later genocides. The next section proposes reasons for the international community to work to prevent and punish genocide. Section 1.3 explains the meaning of the Genocide Convention by examining the wording and meaning of individual sections of the convention. In Chapter Two, the current situation in Sudan is examined, beginning with the history of conflict in the entire country as well as in the western region of Darfur, where genocide is occurring. Section two of this chapter utilizes reports by human rights organizations, the United Nations, the United States State Department and various media reports to establish that genocide is, in fact, occurring in Darfur. The final section of Chapter Two examines the responses of the United States, the United Nations and the African Union to the genocide in Darfur. Chapter Three begins by recommending future action to end the genocide in Darfur. The next and final section moves to a global perspective and discusses ways that genocide can be prevented from occurring again. This section includes a discussion of genocide warning signs and corresponding intervention strategies. The monograph concludes with a proposal for a genocide early warning system that could be implemented in an effort to prevent genocides before they occur. The goal of this monograph is to bring attention to the current situation in Sudan, and to the need for implementing measures that will prevent the horrible crime of genocide from ever occurring again. The responsibility for ending genocide is everyone's: the international community, sovereign states and individuals throughout the world must work together if this horrific crime is ever to be eliminated.