A Study of the Evolution of Human Rights with Regard to the International Criminal Court and Universal Jurisdiction
The paper will be structured in the following manner. Section I will survey the evolution of human rights leading up to the efforts to establish the ICC, concentrating on the theme of stagnation and development within the human rights movement as suggested by Geoffrey Robertson, author of Crimes Against Humanity: The Struggle/or Global Justice. Section II will single out the establishment of the ICC as the. most important achievement thus far in the effort of human rights activists to hold individuals accountable for their actions. This section will provide a detailed synopsis of the functions and structures of the International Criminal Court and also highlight the inherent weaknesses of the Court. Section III will present the principle of universal jurisdiction as a possible prescription to address the shortcomings of the International Criminal Court as a means to ensure that all individuals accused of grave human rights abuses can be held accountable for their actions.