World War I

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This collection includes materials related to WWI and the Student Army Training Corps (S.A.T.C.) on campus.

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    Interactions between Streptococcus mutans and Veillonella parvula and their involvement in root caries disease
    (2023-11-01) Shelton, Steven; Krukonis, Eric; Mitchell, Josephine W.
    The development of root caries disease in the older population has become prominent. Root caries disease occurs when the softer material that makes up the root is exposed. Roots can decay easier than the enamel of a normal tooth above the gums, which can amount to the eventual loss of the tooth if it is untreated. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Veillonella parvula (V. parvula) seem to be a driving force causing root caries. We hypothesize that these bacteria interact, as they are both present on a carious tooth. When S. mutans coexists in a biofilm with V. parvula, the biofilm is thicker and healthier. When V. parvula is pre-cultured in a higher concentration of lactate (an S. mutans waste product), the biofilm between the two bacteria turns unhealthy and indicates the bacterial cells are progressing towards cell death. Conditioned media from S. mutans monocultures and from S. mutans and V. parvula cocultures were tested to see if either caused membrane permeability in otherwise healthy biofilms. We also expressed several V. parvula genes in E. coli to determine whether any potential V. parvula adhesins could confer the ability of E. coli to bind S. mutans biofilms. At the end of experiments, our research shows a biofilm of S. mutans and V. parvula is healthier compared to S. mutans alone. Adding 0.6% lactate in a V. parvula culture results in an unhealthy biofilm with S. mutans. Current efforts are focused on isolating the specific components causing this effect. We noted on multiple occasions that S. mutans can survive membrane damage. Identifying V. parvula proteins binding to S. mutans remains an ongoing pursuit for future research.
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    Kalamazoo College Mess Hall, 1918
    (Kalamazoo College, 1918)
    This photograph most likely shows the mess hall built in 1918 for use by the Student Army Training Corps. According to the December 1918 Kalamazoo College Bulletin, "With scarcely three weeks notice before time for school to open, the War Department stipulated that the colleges furnish mess and quarters for all men entering the S. A. T. C. To meet this new requirement was no small task. But in the characteristic Stetsonian spirit of determination to accomplish, and with but three short weeks of time, the 'Dorm' and the 'Gym' were converted into comfortable barracks, and a modem well built mess hall fully equipped and provisioned, loomed up between Bowen Hall and Ladies' Hall." In this photo, the building still appears to be under construction. A pile of rubble lays next to it and ladders are leaning against the building. The man standing between the two cars with his back to the camera appears to be in military uniform. The other men stand in single file to enter the building. This image was originally published in the 1919 K-zoo yearbook and captioned "First Mess."
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    American Library Association Circular Concerning the Student Army Training Corps
    (1918-11-01) Putnam, Herbert
    This bulletin, published by the Library War Service division of the Library of Congress on November 1, 1918, addresses the American Library Association in response to providing services to the various Student Army Training Corps (SATC) units across the country. The bulletin provides an overview of the needs of the SATC, covering both recreational reading and required readings with special attention given to the needs of the War Issues course.
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    Letter of Recruitment for the Student Army Training Corps (Draft)
    (1918) Stetson, Herbert Lee
    This draft of a letter, written by Kalamazoo College President H.L. Stetson, invites young men with some urgency to enroll at Kalamazoo College with the intention of joining the Student Army Training Corps (SATC) as designed by the War Department. The letter lists the necessary preparations that should be undertaken in order to enroll in the college and enlist in the SATC.
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    Letter of Recruitment for the Student Army Training Corps
    (1918) Stetson, Herbert Lee
    This letter, written by Kalamazoo College President H.L. Stetson, invites young men to attend the college with the intention of joining the Student Army Training Corps (SATC). The letter outlines the steps to be taken to apply, the requirements for application, and the benefits of enlisting in the SATC.
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