ItemChildrens Development in a Daycare(2023-08-31) Ramirez, Ana; Hostetter, Autumn B., 1980-Working with children has been a passion of mine for a long time. When I was a young girl, I expressed to the adults around me how I wished I would one day become a teacher. I had a great experience in my head-start with a teacher that I still keep in touch with to this day. Like her, I wanted to have a positive influence on young children in this new transition to their education. Since then, I have been able to have experiences both outside and inside of my college career. This past summer I was working at a daycare with children from all ages, infants, toddlers, and school aged children. I was able to learn from the teachers I was surrounded by and the supervisors. The stage of a toddler is a unique experience of curious little minds and having even a small impact on those minds is an honor in itself. I was able to use the many resources and concepts I have learned from my time at Kalamazoo College to teach, plan, and guide those around me at the daycare. This experience will stay with me for the rest of my career, and I will always remember my first class of students. ItemA Marketing Internship With Reaching Higher Incorporated(2023-08-31) Thielking, August; Hostetter, Autumn B., 1980-Over the course of my college career at Kalamazoo College, I have always been drawn towards three things: creativity, business, and mental health awareness. A marketing internship at Reaching Higher Incorporated done over the summer between my junior and senior year provided me with these things. A non-profit organization based in Southeast Michigan whose mission is to build leadership skills and help with mental health issues in youth and adults through schools and businesses. By volunteering to help teach the Reaching Higher “4 Youth” at Hartland Middle School, I was able to apply psychology concepts to the students I was helping get through various issues at home and at school. By working as a marketing team member, for over 90 hours, I was able to use creative outlets such as Canva to design campaigns and advertising materials while putting my knowledge of various business concepts to use and offer a more modern take on the world and target audience to a company that has been around for decades. Upon putting these two aspects of my career together, I was able to redesign the student class handbook both contextually and aesthetically for future classes. I was also able to design advertisements for benefit fundraiser events, such as a golf-outing and annual gala, for the organization. Over the course of my experience, I learned a large amount about myself on a personal level as well as a professional level and my preferences and my goals for my career ahead of me. ItemUnderstanding the Complexities : Exploring the Impact of Mental Health, Social Support, and Identity in First-Generation College Students(2023-08-31) Blas-Rangel, Lizbeth; Hostetter, Autumn B., 1980-Does first-generation status influence mental health? The primary objective of this literature review was exploring the influence of mental health, social support, and identity in first-generation students. The literature review investigated overlapping factors in relation to generational status to understand why this could have an influence on overall mental health. These factors include socioeconomic factors, racial identity, family dynamics, mental health challenges and support at institutions. Findings indicate that generational status is linked with many other factors such as low socioeconomic factors and minority groups which collectively influence the college experience and mental health of first-generation students. Future research should explore these different identities simultaneously to examine the relationship. ItemThe Influence of Natural Disasters on Violence Against Women(2023-08-31) Garden, Brynna; Hostetter, Autumn B., 1980-Violence against women is a critical public health issue, affecting women daily worldwide. Similarly, natural disasters (e.g., droughts, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, hurricanes, landslides) take a devastating toll on the communities they affect, not only due to loss of life, property, and community, but also due to increased risk of psychological and health problems following disaster. Previous research has identified a relationship between natural disasters and a rise in violence against women; however, limited research has investigated this phenomenon on a global scale. The goal of the present review is to highlight the effect of natural disasters on violence against women, the associated health outcomes with this trauma, and suggest gender-focused policy to improve disaster-response and reduce violence against women in a post-disaster setting. After reviewing the literature, it was found that across various cultures, gender-based violence (e.g. violence against women, intimate partner violence, and sexual assault) spikes immediately before, during, and after natural disasters. Negative mental health outcomes after gender-based violence following disaster can include PTSD, depression, anxiety, elevated stress levels, low self-esteem, elevated suicide rates, sleep problems and drug use as well as negative physical and reproductive health outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections, unintended pregnancies, shortness of breath, palpitations, cardiac arrhythmias, asthma, hyperventilation, migraines, insomnia, fatigue, etc. Gender-focused policy suggestions amid disaster includes collection of age- and sex- disaggregated data, women being involved in relief planning, accommodation centers focused on protection of women, and assistance being granted to individuals as opposed to heads of households. ItemGendered Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder and Discrepancies in Rates of Diagnosis(2023-08-31) Ballinger, Elizabeth; Hostetter, Autumn B., 1980-Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to affect around 5% of children and 2.5% of adults worldwide, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM). The disorder manifests in uncharacteristic difficulties in sustaining attention, organization, and following instructions, negatively impacting their performance in work or school. Rates of the disorder have increased through the years with each new iteration of the DSM; however, they have not been consistent across genders. Only within the past few decades has research begun to be published regarding women with ADHD, though in this short time, the gender gap has decreased substantially. There are conflicting reports from the literature as time has gone on, with some finding no difference and others finding significant gender differences in their participants. This paper serves to analyze the history of the disorder and its gendered symptom differences and make a call for further research to be done in areas adjacent to this topic.