Psychology Senior Integrated Projects

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This collection includes Senior Integrated Projects (SIPs, formerly known as Senior Individualized Projects) completed in the Psychology Department. Abstracts are generally available to the public, but PDF files are available only to current Kalamazoo College students, faculty, and staff. If you are not a current K College student, faculty, or staff member, email us at dspace@kzoo.edu to request access to this material.

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    Therapeutic Playgrounds
    (1982-11-01) Bachleda, Dave; Supnick, Lonnie E., 1940-
    At the core of this presentation lies a philosophy, a philosophy based on psychologists who say that people who do not lose the ability to play become artists; they never really satisfy their needs. The purpose of this presentation is to explore some of the ways of keeping alive, and of sustaining, the curiosity and gaiety natural to children in order that they do not lose the ability to play like many of their parents have. Kids need the opportunity to enhance their lives in their early years through creativity and play. It is the responsibility of adults not to dim a child's happiness at an early stage because what is lost may never reappear. The task is to create sympathetic environments where all kids belong. Play, what is it? Foremost, play is not a passive activity, rather is an expression of children's desire to make their own world, in their own time, at their own pace. It is their work, and it is not a separate part of their lives.
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    Social Psychology for Fun & Profit Consumer Information Processing Explained & Applied
    (1982-11-01) Costanza, Jennifer; Supnick, Lonnie E., 1940-
    A dynamic and forceful sales representative presents an irresistable package to a potential customer. All the right elements are present; the customer needs the services of the sales representative, the presentation is smooth, the sales package is improved by discussing the alternatives, and everyone leaves smiling. The presentation was impeccable, and yet, the customer does not purchase the advertised wares. Furthermore, the customer uses certain ideas presented by the representative in a different form. What went wrong? Why did the customer not buy the package in its original form? How did the customer arrive at an innovative adaptation of the sales representative's suggestions? Consumer Information Processing attempts to answer these questions and more. Concepts that contribute to theories of consumer behavior include basic cognitive explanations of motivation, perception, and learning. These theories provide the building blocks for social psychological theories of persuasion, attitude change, and decision making. The basics of these concepts will be outlined. Taken as whole, these ideas work together in the all-inclusive theory of Consumer Information Processing (CIP). Finally, a comparative study of CIP and other consumer behavior models makes for a more comprehensive understanding of its applications. The first half of this paper is an expose of the antecedent concepts and the CIP theory; the second section of the paper applies CIP to the specific sales presentation that prompted this paper. Such an application clarifies the principles of the theory and demonstrates some of its weaknesses. The first section of the paper is theoretical, sparing the examples in anticipation of the application presented in the second section. Theoretical background for this paper is based on research from original articles, compilations of research papers, and textbooks. CIP is one theory in the larger field of consumer behavior. The study of consumer behavior is a synthesis of the theories of social psychology as they are applied to marketing situations. It calls upon a variety of disciplines including psychology, sociology, and economics. The situation used as an application of these theories was recorded by direct observation and personal questioning. It is not a textbook example of a scientifically recorded incident, but a useful illustration of an abstract theory.
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    Developmental Consequences of an Adverse Environment and Nutrition in Early Childhood
    (1982-01-01) Ugolini, Maria Clara; Vogel, Juliet
    This paper is directed towards discussing problems in studies on malnutrition and mental development; other influencing factors are also discussed. These include, the social setting of malnutrition which has an impact on mental growth, as well as, the possible relation between malnutrition, social growth and functional competence._ In order to discuss the effect of a poor nutrition on the mental development of children, I have divided this paper into four major parts. I will begin by giving a short over-view of the importance of a good nutrition for the nnorrna11r development of an individual. With this I hope to give an understanding of the relation between nutrition and the nutrients required for a “normal” body growth and functioning.
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    Classical Theories of Memory in Relation to Ageing
    (1983-01-01) Aiello, Mitchell Franklin; Supnick, Lonnie E., 1940-
    Human memory is so complex, revealing a multitude of intricate and astounding phenomena. For this reason, most theories of memory are to some extent incomplete, explaining only a certain part or two of the function with due attention. Some theories are looked at in terms of short-term memory, some in terms of long-term memory, while others consider sensory trace memory. These are all psychological terms, however ·. there is the psychiatry school that refers·to these parts of memory as primary, secondary, and scratch-pad, respectively. To clear up any problems in the language barrier we will look at the literature from a psychological point-of-view and use only their language. By restricting the language used, we have only begun to select out of the material that is available. There is such a wide variety of material on human memory that the researcher must, to have a concise report, select out even further the material that he/she will use. For this project, material was looked at from an experimental point of view.
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    Kids in Crisis : a Study of Children's Adjustment in a Residential Treatment Center
    (1989-03-01) Nordberg, Ryan M.; Shennum, William A.
    The object of the study was to gain further knowledge about the patterns of adjustment children go through during placement at a residential treatment facility. The goal was to discover the patterns of adjustment which children display, and to study the factors present in children's histories, which may affect adjustment. Although in recent years there has been an increase in the number of studies on children in residential facilities, studies are still lacking. There is much more that can be researched in order to learn now treatment centers may better meet the needs of the children. In this study, extensive adjustment data on a group of children in residence at Five Acres, a residential treatment program in Southern California, was analyzed. Several aspects of the children's adjustment were examined, in relationship to statistical properties such as central tendency and variability. The aim was to provide a better understanding of how children adjust in a treatment milieu. In addition, the present study examined a large number of factors which were predicted to have an influence on children's adjustment. These factors included: children's age and sex, history of child abuse and neglect, history of previous out-of-home placements, and specific behavioral and emotional problems present at the time of admission. The statistical significance of the relationship between these factors and adjustment was evaluated. The intent of the study, then, is to increase our understanding of children's adjustment. The findings will allow us to speculate on how treatment programs may improve their methods of helping children.
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